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Cooking Ingredients glossary pages

         Alphabetical list of vegetables 
 
 
               Eat Your Vegetables and Be Healthy!

       A

  • Artichoke - Flowery part of a plant. Used in Europe.
  • Asparagus - flowering plant species . Only the young shoots of asparagus are eaten. It has medicinal properties that help in cleansing and healing.
  • Aubergine - Also called eggplant in America and brinjal in india. It is a fruit of a tree.
  • B

  • Beans - legume plants. A variety of beans are available in different sizes, shapes and colors. French beans, runner beans.
  • Beet / beetroot - Tubers.
  • Bell pepper - see Capsicum.
  • Bitter Gourd -
  • Broccoli -
  • Brussels sprouts -
  • Butternut Squash has recently grown in popularity in the United Kingdom.
  • C

  • Cabbage - available in green and purple varities.
  • Capsicum - Available in red green and yellow varieties. Called Pepper in America. In India green capsicum is commonly available.
  • Carrot - Root vegetable. orange, red, yellowish.
  • Cauliflower - Cabbage family vegetable. Mostly the white head is eaten raw or cooked. The leaves and the stem also can be eaten.
  • Celeriac - also known as Celery root. Can be eaten raw or cooked. It stores less starch compared to other root vegetables.
  • Celery - Leaves, seeds, stalks are used in cooking. Negative calory food.
  • Chard - Similar to beets. With green leaves and red stems. Used in salads.
  • Collards - This leafy green vegetable is also known as tree-cabbage and is rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Corn - Maize. North American native vegetable.
  • Cress - small peppery sprouts
  • Cucumbers - Traditionally used raw in salads. The cucumber grows quickly and holds lots of water.
  • D

  • Drumstick - Morianga. Leaves and pods are used in cooking. Very nutritious and has medicinal properties too.
  • G

  • Gourds - Fruit vegetable. Bitter gourd, white gourd, snake gourd, cucumbers, squashes, and melons.
  • K

  • Kales - variety of cabbage but the leaves do not form a head. Grows in cool climate.
  • Kohlrabi - Kohlrabi - knolkol is a member of the turnip family and can be either purple or white.
  • Go to the top of this alphabetical list of vegetables page

    L
  • Leek - The national vegetable of Wales.
  • Lettuce - lots of green leaves used as a mainstay of salads.
  • M
  • Melons - high water content. Good for hot summers.
  • Mushrooms - not technically a vegetable, but a far older member of the plant kingdom. Mushrooms do not use sunlight to produce energy, hence they have a completely different range of tastes than any other vegetable.
  • O
  • Okra - also called 'ladies fingers' or gumbo. Ethiopia and is a North African staple, is popular in Europe, Asia and America.
  • Onions - Parsnips The sweet, starchy parsnip is a root vegetable.
  • P
  • Peas -
  • Peppers - These are the fruit of the Capsicum family of plants. The hotter tasting ones are usually referred to as chilies. See bell pepper.
  • Potatoes - Everyone loves potatoes, a root vegetable.
  • Pumpkins - A popular gourd vegetable used in cooking .
  • R
  • Radish - rich in ascorbic acid (vitamin C), folic acid (foliate), and Potassium, the radish is a peppery vegetable popular in western and Asian cookery. The leaves can also be eaten in salads.
  • Rhubarb - A plant with large leaves. Rhubarb was originally native to China but has been popular in Europe since Roman times.
  • Rutabaga - Alternative name for Swede
  • S
  • Shallots - Small onions often with a more fiery bite.
  • Spinach - large green leaves wilt easily in a pan, Spinach contains lots of healthy trace minerals including iron
  • Snake gourd -
  • Squash - another generic name for fruits Butternut Squash has recently grown in popularity in the United Kingdom.
  • Swede - Apparently a cross between cabbages and turnips Swedes are a low calorie root vegetable
  • Sweet corn - a north American native plant loved throughout the world.
  • Sweet potato - a starchy tuber. Sweet potato is often called a yam, although yams are a separate vegetable.
  • T
  • Tomatoes - not a vegetable, but a fruit. Tomatoes are best grown yourself .
  • Turnips - Root vegetable. grows in cold climates.
  • W
  • Watercress - very peppery small salad like leaves
  • Watermelon - Sweet tasting gourd reaches enormous size and definitely the most refreshing fruit there is.    
  •    
  • white gourd -
  • Y
  • Yams - Sweet starchy tuber that are popular in African, Caribbean and American cookery
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